Where China Gets Its Oil
Now that China has passed the United States as the world's largest importer of oil, it is becoming clear what a widespread global network the country has cast in order to keep the supplies flowing.
China is now the largest importer from the Middle East. This involves a trip through the Strait of Hormuz, across the Indian Ocean and then through the equally narrow Strait of Malacca, which gets it past Singapore. Then it' on to various ports on the China coast. There is also significant flow from Angola, plus smaller amounts from Brazil and Venezuela, which follow the same route. On land, pipeline supplies arrive from Russia and Kazakhstan.
Saudi Arabia is China's biggest supplier with 20 percent of its import market. After than, in order, are Angola, Iran, Russia, Oman, Iraq, Sudan, Venezuela, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the UAE, Brazil and the Congo. At the height of its imports, the U.S. never had such a long and diversified list of sources.